Of the 16 personality typologies assessed using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), ENTJ is one of them. Often referred to as “The Commander”, an ENJT (Extraversion, iNtuition, Thinking, Judgment) individual is known to be a natural-born leader. This personality assessment, along with the other 15 typologies resulted from the efforts of a mother and daughter team who created this inventory, Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers, plus thousands of psychologists. They based their research on the book, authored by C.G. Jung. The theory of Jung was about the differences in the way people take in information, cope with situations in life and make decisions.
To determine what personality type an individual has, a multiple choice type questionnaire is used. Among the responses provided, four sets of psychological opposites will be sorted out, which will yield one of the 16 personality types. Co-creators Katharine Briggs and Isabel Briggs-Myers say that each individual has one of the 16 personality types and among the four pairs of opposites, one will emerge as a preference over the other three. Another type of assessment which correlates to MBTI is the Keirsey Temperament Sorter created by David Keirsey. He based his work from Hippocrates’ and Plato’s study on temperament. Unlike MBTI, this assessment is more on a person’s character which can either be an Artisan, Idealist, Rational and Guardian. For Keirsey, ENTJs are FieldMarshalls and Rationals.
Overview of ENTJ
ENTJ is one of the most uncommon of the 16 personalities belonging to human beings, around 5% of the male population and 3% of the female population. Noted for being leaders, ENJTS are said to be assertive, confident, energetic, competitive and driven to succeed. He or she also has the skill of persuasion, which, if overused, can give an impression of an ENTJ being manipulative to other people.
As for the preferences of people when it comes to the four pairs of opposites, the MBTI based these on the following:
1. Extroversion or Introversion when it comes to what things they are more focused on as well as when they are most energized.
2. Sensing or iNtuition which is used by an individual when taking in information.
3. Thinking or Feeling when it comes to decision-making.
4. Judgment or Perception which can be preferred by a person when faced with how he or she acts on his or her environment.
According to Jung’s theory, there are two pairs of psychological functions namely; Sensation or Sensing and Intuition, which are perceiving functions and Thinking and Feeling, which are judging functions. Perceiving functions are used by individuals when it comes to gathering information wherein people with Sensing preference consider information as something they are able to touch. They also rely on data and concrete information. On the other hand, those who prefer Intuition use their gut-feel or hunch when it comes to information gathering. When it comes to their judgment or decision-making., people who prefer Thinking, base this from the information they have gathered and look at it with a rational mind or what appears to be the most reasonable thing to do while the opposite, Feeling, is preferred by people who are emphatic on situations and base their decisions by weighing things and how these situations affect other people, regardless if this is not the most logical thing to do.
Fuctions of an ENTJ
Extraverted Thinking (Te) – Being the dominant function, this process is what helps an ENTJ organize and monitor things and people to achieve efficiency and productivity. For decision making, a person with an ENTJ personality uses empirical thinking and logic. This also goes for verbal and written communication. This is also what makes a person more observant of the things and people around him or her.
Introverted iNtuition (Ni) – This is the support function used by an ENTJ leads an individual to things that have symbolism which at first can be unimaginable or not likely to happen. With Ni, an ENTJ starts to consider possibilities in the future. As Ni is utilized, an individual learns how to improve the situation he or she is in and is able to conceptualize plans as well as understand complex and more generalized information better.
Extraverted Sensing (Se) – As this function presents itself in an ENTJ individual, he or she becomes more aware of physical things, relying more on facts and looking at details more closely. Here, an ENTJ tends to look for a bigger picture with the use of data and occurrences until something else comes along to distract the person. This is when an individual gets excited or affected with what is physically around him or her.
Introverted Feeling (Fi) – This is the weakest function attributed to an ENTJ which is responsible for his or her judgment or perception of people and situations based on what he or she considers worth believing. It helps an ENTJ determine if someone is being honest or insincere.
1. ENTJs have good organizational skills and are great motivators. Because of these, they are born to be leaders and will excel in careers related to military service, business, government and education.
2. They are visionaries in the sense that they can visualize where an organization is going and is adept with communicating this vision to others.
3. ENTJs believe in action and the importance of movement. For them, good results can only come from change, mobilization and engagement.
4. They are bold and straightforward when it comes to people and situations that others might see it as arrogance.
5. These people are drawn to power and people with influence. They are hard-working and are passionate with work to the point of considering it a fun activity.
6. They are ambitious and are what others might refer to as “married to their work” because they are career-oriented.
7. ENTJs are team players who love to live vital roles in organizations or in their field of choice and are long-term planners.